Scientific Facts

Bilingualism

the scientific aspect

The scientist Paul Broca discovered in 1861 that a particular area in the brain was dedicated to language acquisition

BrocaOther scientists discovered that the Broca’s area was also the area of mathematical development and music appreciation.

 Professor Jean Petit Discovery

After more than 35 years of research, Jean Petit, a French psycholinguist, along with American scientists, established that:

•The best age to learn a second language is  between 0 and 7 years.
•Up to 5 languages can be learned during that period.
•Discrimination between sounds is very easy for young children without making any mistake.
•The learning process at that age is compared to a TVG (fastest train ever)
•After 7, the learning process slows down.
• At 13, the articulation and sound production mechanism (phoneme and allophone) are programmed on monolingual mode (this is why adults have trouble learning a second language).
• Canadian researchers have found an average of 14 points difference in IQ between a bilingual and a monolingual student.
• Writing and reading with the same alphabet is easier.
•Mathematics and music skills are enhanced by learning a 2nd language.

Learning Conditions

•Start as soon as possible
•No favoritism between mother tongue and second language
•Intensity, continuity, exposure and use of the second language
•Instrumental and communicative approach    (“fun” opposed to “rigorous and strict”)
•Native teacher
•Positive and warm emotional environment
Infos